A day before, Hatam announced on television an initiative to boost Iran's deterrence power amid concerns that the US could take unilateral action even if other JCPOA signatories-China, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom-stay onboard. The remarks followed an announcement that Iran was expanding its missile force.
His comments Tuesday were a response to demands by USA ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley for the International Atomic Energy Agency to inspect military as well as nonmilitary sites in Iran, to check the country's compliance with a deal that curbs Iran's nuclear weapons program in exchange for the lifting of sanctions.
The US position on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran's nuclear program casts doubt on Washington's ability to execute agreements, the Russian diplomat has stressed.
Iran accused Washington of breaching the 2015 agreement.
To move forward with uncovering Iran's perfidy and make progress on US security, he said, "a comprehensive plan must be developed and executed to build domestic and global support for the new policy". It provided no additional information, and a statement from Haley's office discussed her visit but shed no light on imminent action.
Q: In view of the USA influence on the IAEA, how do you evaluate the visit of Nikki Haley to the IAEA headquarters in Vienna?
President Donald Trump will have to override his advisers if he wants to make good on a campaign promise to abandon the Iran nuclear agreement, according to former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton, who published a draft proposal for exiting the accord on Monday. The next review ends in October.
The agency was charged with monitoring Tehran's compliance with restrictions on its nuclear activities mandated under the nuclear agreement in exchange for relief from global sanctions.
President Rouhani further stated that U.S. President Donald Trump would find it hard to tear up the deal with the United Nations as it had a lot of support from Europe.
To succeed, the US needs to have quiet consultations with the U.K., France, Germany, Israel and Saudi Arabia to explain the plan, prepare the evidence, expand diplomatic efforts to focus on Iran and pull together congressional actions.
Under U.S. law, the State Department must notify Congress every 90 days of Iran's compliance with the nuclear deal.
It is not clear whether President Trump is personally convinced that the Islamic Republic is carrying out nuclear research or development at these sites, but The Guardian indicates that focus on military sites is one means by which the White House could precipitate the cancelation or renegotiation of the JCPOA.
The expert noted that as things get worse between the Trump Administration and North Korea, more assertive United States statements and actions vis-à-vis Iran may be expected.
The issue was contentious, because under the JCPOA, the IAEA was obliged to resolve outstanding questions about all Iranian nuclear activities with "possible military dimensions" before sanctions were to be lifted.
French President Emmanuel Macron had said earlier in the day that he saw "no alternative" to the nuclear deal. If they withdraw, the JCPOA will probably survive, but its political relevance will be greatly reduced.
Some analysts believe Iran has an incentive to comply with the agreement because of the lifting of years of sanctions, which had hurt its economy.
A spokesperson for Bolton declined to comment and the White House did not immediately respond to requests for comment from Foreign Policy.