The South Korean government welcomed the resolution, calling it a "grave warning that (North Korea's) continued provocations will only intensify its diplomatic isolation and economic pressure".
China has repeatedly said it would support further United Nations action if it helped restart talks with North Korea. But for all Trump's belligerence, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and others in the Trump administration are committed to negotiations, a possible framework for which emerged in weekend comments by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
The import of refined petroleum products is also limited.
The textile ban is significant.
That would amount to a 10 percent cut in oil products, according to the US Energy Information Administration, which estimates annual exports to North Korea at almost 2.2 million barrels.
South Korea's opposition Bareun Party lawmaker Ha Tae-Kyung, who has followed North Korean hacking attempts, said it had apparently stolen more than 90 billion won ($80 million) from South Korea through hacking attacks in the four years to June, including cyber-attacks on ATMs.
This ban will eventually starve the regime of an additional Dollars 500 million or more in annual revenues, she added. Both China and Russian Federation, by far Kim Jong Un's largest trade partners, are concerned enough about his ongoing illegal missile and nuclear weapon development programs to side with the U.S.in seeking to stop him.
With this decision, the top body is imposing a ban on all oil imports and an global asset freeze on the government and leader Kim Jong Un that the Trump administration wanted.
Lawmakers who spoke Tuesday supported the USA pressure tactics, while voicing skepticism that North Korea could be forced into abandon nuclear weapons it regards as a guarantee of survival for the Kim dynasty.More news: UN Security Council steps up sanctions on defiant North Korea
The North's Foreign Ministry issued a statement early Monday saying it is watching the United States' moves closely and threatened it is "ready and willing" to respond with measures of its own.
"The textile sanctions actually might have more impact, as they are probably a good source of value-added income - value added by people you don't have to pay much - for the regime", he said. In response, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley pressed for a total oil embargo.
Noting that oil "is the lifeblood" of North Korea's effort to build and deliver a nuclear weapon, Haley said the resolution reduces nearly 30 per cent of oil provided to the North by cutting off over 55 per cent of its gas, diesel, and heavy fuel oil.
But these measures fall short of the stronger sanctions the US called for after the Pyonyang regime detonated its sixth and most powerful nuclear device last week.
"The position of the Korean government on the principle of denuclearization remains unchanged", Lee said Tuesday.
Liu again urged the council to adopt the freeze-for-freeze proposal and said talks with North Korea are needed "sooner rather than later".
Han did not elaborate, but North Korea frequently vows to destroy the United States.
North Korea said its September 3 test was of an advanced hydrogen bomb and it was its most powerful nuclear blast by far.
"I could also imagine such a format to settle the North Korea conflict", she said. It also is central to his ability to hold onto power at home by presenting an image of ultimate strength and control to North Koreans, including his generals.