This government shutdown is historic for one big reason

With a government shutdown looming, here's what would happen during the shutdown. If you're trying to leave the country and need a passport, you'll also have to wait for that.

During Jimmy Carter's administration, when Democrats controlled the White House and all of Congress, there were five spending gaps between 1977 - 1979 that lasted at least eight days each. To avoid a filibuster, a longstanding Senate tradition guaranteeing considerable veto power for the minority party, the Republicans need 60 votes.

Mulvaney said the Obama administration shut down parks at that time so people would blame the shutdown on Republicans in Congress. But without a quick fix from Congress, numerous 9 million kids who get government help through the plan could lose their health care.

Essential workers who report to their jobs typically are paid retroactively, whenever Congress resolves its spending dispute. Presidents and federal agencies regularly switched to credit, continuing their work with or without a budget, knowing they would be funded retroactively. But remember that the 2013 shutdown lasted more than two weeks.

The first government shutdown after Civiletti's clarification of the law's meaning is the one that took place on November 23, 1981, when President Ronald Reagan ordered the furlough of 241,000 of the 2.1 million federal employees "deemed nonessential to protect life, national security or Federal property", thus marking "the first time a chief executive has ordered so massive a shutdown of federal operations", the Washington Post reported on November 24, 1981.

LOANS: The processing of mortgages and other loans was delayed when lenders could not access government services such as income and Social Security number verification. These employees include some State Department workers, USA intelligence agencies, the Internal Revenue Service and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The USPS relies on the sale of postage, products and services as its funding source. The mail would still be delivered. Even though the military will be working, Mulvaney said, "They won't get paid". Since then, there have been a slew of different circumstances that prompted shutdowns, but this shutdown is unique for one reason.

Most national parks, national monuments and private concessions serving them will remain open.

This whole shutdown process is a relatively recent phenomenon.

But an array of services in the Chicago area were to start grinding to a halt Saturday after President Donald Trump and congressional leaders failed to reach a funding deal by a midnight Friday deadline, triggering a partial federal government shutdown.

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Arguing that Trump's predecessors "weaponized" that shutdown, Mulvaney said Friday the budget office would direct agencies to work to mitigate the impact this time. But past shutdowns have demonstrated that the opposite is true ― these interruptions are actually quite expensive, both for government and the broader economy.

Global flights should not be canceled for lack of Transportation and Safety Administration (TSA) airport security officers or Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air-traffic controllers.

You'll still be able to fly in an airplane, and fly safely because TSA agents and air traffic controllers will still be on the clock. They would receive their last paycheck for work up until the shutdown on Friday, Jan. 26.

This doesn't mean the shutdown won't be disruptive, either.

It's the non-essential things that will shut down and it could have a huge impact.

If the shutdown goes on for weeks, about 1.3 million active-duty military will be expected to work potentially without pay.

Furloughed federal workers will receive back pay once the shutdown ends.

"Year after year, the failure of Congress to do its job has eroded the ability of Federal agencies to make prudent program, policy, and management decisions on everything from national defense to the delivery of social services", said Max Stier, president and CEO of the Partnership for Public Service, in an NBC op-ed.

Medicare and Medicaid would keep running, as would veterans' hospitals, which Congress already funded separately. It's possible customer service and various administrative duties might be affected by furloughed employees, however. "People won't get paid".

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