At the meeting in Brussels, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom and Japanese counterpart Hiroshige Seko discussed the tariffs as part of a trilateral effort to combat unfair trade practices.
BRUSSELS-The European Union and Japan pressed U.S. President Donald Trump's trade envoy Saturday to exempt them, as longtime U.S. allies, from upcoming steel tariffs that have sparked fears of a new trade war.
China said the U.S.is sabotaging the multilateral system represented by the World Trade Organization, and its actions will "seriously shake" the global trade order.
"Many of the countries that treat us the worst on trade and the military are our allies", Trump said.
"We are an ally, not a threat", he said, rejecting any hint that the bloc's exports threatened US national security - Trump's justification for imposing the tariffs.
"As a close security and trade partner of the US, the EU must be excluded from the announced measures", Malmstrom wrote on Twitter. Trump temporarily exempted its North American neighbours, Canada and Mexico, from the newest measures.
"Labor productivity has seen a five-fold increase since the early 1980s, going from an average of 10.1 man-hours per finished ton to an average of 1.9 man-hours per finished ton of steel in 2014", a 2015 report from the group said.
"Thank you for confirming new tariffs won't have to be imposed on Australian steel & aluminum - good for jobs in Australia and in US!" Third difference is, when the U.S. put in Smoot-Hawley, we had a trade surplus.
Trump has said he would consider exemptions based on national security grounds and the economic relationship between various countries and the U.S.
Sen. John Thune, a member of GOP leadership, described the potential for a successful legislative action a "double bank shot", Wednesday when talking to reporters.
Katainen said the EU could not address the issue because each of its 28 members set their own defense budgets. And our country is doing well.
During the ceremony Thursday, Trump noted that business executive Elon Musk had tweeted that a car exported from the United States to China faces a 25 percent tariff, while a car shipped in the other direction enters the American market with a 2.5 percent duty.
In Brussels, the capital of the European Union, Saturday's meetings appeared inconclusive.
The EU exported about 5.5 million tons of steel to the U.S. last year.
Trump said he has discussed with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe "opening up Japan to much better trade" with the United States, in likely reference to their talks on the phone Friday Japan time.