"When I make promises, I keep them".
This principle was best illustrated in a particularly testy moment during the final days of the 2015 nuclear negotiations.
"For the first time, Iran has the chance to show the world they are not the rogue nation they are always presented as, that they negotiated in good faith and keep to their commitments", said Karim Emile Bitar, of the Institute for worldwide and Strategic Affairs in Paris.
President Donald Trump withdrew the USA from the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement Tuesday.
Rouhani, who lacks real political power, of course could be overruled.
"We could have pushed the Europeans a lot harder, to work with us", Gates said on "Face the Nation".
There's no reason for Trump to count on weaker resistance today, especially since Iran presents a far greater economic opportunity than Cuba did.
This may seem counterintuitive.
Although most analysts believe the USA withdrawal has effectively scuppered the agreement, Iran's foreign minister talked up the prospects of its survival on Sunday while visiting China, another of the signatories.
"There is a realisation among all European states what we can not keep going in the direction we are headed today whereby we submit to American decisions", Le Maire told reporters in the French capital, Paris. "So that's the net outcome", Zarif told NPR in 2014. And that depends on how much compliance there is from the US's European allies and more importantly from Asian economies such as China, India, South Korea, and Japan.
But this is only half the story. In exchange, Iran required that all global sanctions against them be lifted. "The policy of the administration is to make sure that Iran never gets close to deliverable nuclear weapons", Bolton said on the ABC program "This Week". "They have always been after toppling of Iran's regime and this exit is in line with that aim", he said on Friday.
"It's the same witches brew of bullish stuff: Iran, Venezuela, the lack of alacrity by Saudi Arabia to bring more oil onto the market", said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital in NY. Why did Tehran stop that year?
Trump's withdrawal from the JCPOA causing a rift within the alliance is reminiscent of how George W. Bush's determination to intervene in Iraq without UN Security Council approval also caused one. This would also be true of North Korea. When the Iranian regime feels secure, it gets more aggressive.
Some good has come out of the Iranian deal, such as Iran sending Russian Federation much of its super-enriched uranium while getting all kinds of natural uranium back, but it was Obama who facilitated the US departure. It also began testing ballistic missiles. Asked if the United States was prepared to sanction French and German companies that do business in Iran, one official said discussions were just starting. In case the point was missed, the sailors were videotaped on their knees with their hands clasped behind their heads.
Iran is entirely within its rights in condemning Trump's action.
But it's a mistake to apply rational analysis to Trump's action, because this was an emotional decision, not a rational one.
On Wednesday, Trudeau said the Iran nuclear deal wasn't ideal, but it helped prevent that country from developing a nuclear weapon. "The answer is no", Le Maire told reporters. For instance, the American Jewish Congress wrote to ambassadors, saying: "Iran has for too long showed itself to be a bad actor in this process, as demonstrated by the discovery of the secret cache of files by Israel last week".
News of the deal prompted a volatile trading session on Tuesday in the heaviest volumes for front-month US crude futures since November 30, 2016.
Thousands later demonstrated across the country to protest Trump's withdrawal from the nuclear deal. For the sake of the world and the region, let's hope Iran's leaders find that threat credible.
I understand why Kim would want to get out from under worldwide sanctions and offer his oppressed people enough economic growth to make his own position more secure.