Such polls are legal, and participation is voluntary, Laye said. And without an agreement on all of the items, conservatives and moderates don't see an agreement on any of the proposals.
For leaders of the discharge petition, like Rep. Jeff Denham (R-Calif.) and Will Hurd (R-Texas), there may be more political gain in showing their independence from GOP leaders on immigration. Another member of that group, Rep. Dave Brat, R-Va., said the idea has been discussed but cautioned that there are "tons of moving pieces to it".
House Republicans emerged from a two-hour closed-door immigration meeting Thursday without a compromise on the hot-button topic, although conservatives and moderates who have sparred over policy shared optimism about the tone and direction of negotiations.
Republicans are lagging behind Republicans in voter turnout heading into the primary election, with early voting numbers reflecting a national upswing for Democrats.
"We understand that we're the underdogs", said state party chairman Jim Brulte. "Now it's a matter of putting on paper and seeing if we actually have an agreement".
There are an estimated 11 million to 12 million of these people.
Some conservatives say they can't accept any legal status for illegal immigrants, while others say they could accept legal status but not a path to citizenship. Bob Corker in Tennessee, Trump framed Democrats as "MS-13 loving" fans of "open borders" and said he hopes the issue is at play throughout campaign season. Rep. Carlos Curbelo, R-Florida, another one of the moderate leaders, said the goal would be to not lower overall legal immigration levels but shift some total visas into employment categories rather than family-based categories. Painfully aware of those divisions, leaders had seemed happy to sidestep the issue until the moderates' rebellion forced their hand.
And by a whopping 25 percent margin, voters say they're more likely to back a congressional candidate who promises to serve as a check on Trump than less likely.
"This effort to get our members to come to a common ground is the best chance at law", Ryan said.
In exchange for providing possible citizenship for Dreamers, Trump wants full financing for his wall with Mexico.
The Senate will cancel most of its annual August recess, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell told senators Tuesday, an election year move that will force vulnerable Democrats to shuffle their campaign schedules.
But he noted that a "loose consensus" will have to be presented to all 235 House Republicans for their input on Thursday.
After meetings on Wednesday, Republicans expressed optimism that the gap between moderates and conservatives could be resolved, but offered no details of how.
A big roadblock to any deal has been whether Dreamers, people who were brought into the country illegally as children, should get a special pathway to citizenship. "Do you create a merit-based pathway that doesn't now exist or do you somehow put them in line with some of the pathways that already exists?"
But he said the starting point is the immigration principles laid out by Trump early this year: aggressive immigration security, including the construction of a wall along the Southwest border with Mexico, and a clamp-down on allowing family members overseas from joining relatives living legally in the United States. He also stressed that the bill enforces border security. But those under 40 are the most likely to favor a member of Congress who has opposed the president's agenda.
"If we don't agree pretty quickly you'll get two or three more signatures on the discharge petition and one of those four bills will go to the Senate and it will probably be one of the more liberal bills, which I will vote for, but I'm in the minority in the conference", he said.