Sen. Chuck Schumer, the Democratic leader from NY, is adamant that Trump can end the family separations on his own and that legislation is not needed. While the administration will continue prosecuting crimes of "improper entry", the administration will "maintain family unity, including by detaining alien families together where appropriate and consistent with law and available resources", according to the order's text.
It also directs Defense Secretary Jim Mattis to find housing for these families and to build facilities if necessary.
Under the policy, people who enter the country illegally at the U.S. -Mexico border are criminally prosecuted while any children are sent to detention centers. I consider it to be a very important executive order. This is why Republican Senator Bob Corker used the word "cult" to describe his concerns with his party. An audio recording purported to feature Central American children separated from their parents sobbing and wailing has also struck a nerve.
The Trump administration separated more than 2,000 children from their parents since early May, garnering overwhelming backlash from the public.
Fielding phone calls from a wide-ranging network of friends and allies, Trump also was urged to fix the problem because it was hurting him politically.
Trump campaigned on stopping illegal immigration and has fiercely defended his administration's actions. We can enforce our immigration laws without breaking families apart.
"Separating mothers from small children is not a winning issue for him", Brookings Institution Senior Fellow Darrell West told Xinhua.
Both Republican bills in the House, which Democrats and immigration advocacy groups have blasted, would fund Trump's border wall and reduce legal migration, in part by denying visas for some relatives of USA residents and citizens who are living overseas, sometimes referred to as "chain migration".
Just before President Trump told reporters he would reverse course and seek to keep the families together in detention, a White House official said that "from the start Mrs. Trump has been encouraging the president to do all he can to keep families together".
Lopez, 54, said Trump "really cares for the United States of America and the people of the United States of America and to protect us from people that want to hurt us".
"You will have a lot of happy people", Trump said as he signed the executive order.
As a crisis of migrant children separated from their families provoked a groundswell of national outrage, President Donald Trump insisted he was powerless to act through an executive order.
In a statement, the president of the organization, Richard Cohen, said indiscriminate enforcement is "shattering" communities across the country.
Orrin Hatch of Utah, wrote the Trump administration asking it to pause the separation of immigrant families until Congress comes up with a solution. With congressional outcome uncertain - and facing condemnation of the family separations from across the political spectrum - the White House took action.
Cruz's bill would double the number of federal immigration judges, authorize new temporary shelters to house migrant families and limit the processing of asylum cases to no more than 14 days - a goal immigrant advocates say would be hard to meet.